BASIC FACTS ABOUT HIV/AIDS
1. What is HIV?
It is acronym from Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV attack the human immune system and expose the individual to AIDS.
2. What is AIDS?
It is acronym from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, AIDS is a group of symptoms a disease which attack the human immune system after a person is infected with HIV.
3. What is the different between HIV and AIDS?
HIV is a virus that attacks the human immune system and AIDS is a group of diseases resulting from HIV infection.
4. HIV can spread through
Sex without using a condom with an infected person.
The sharing of needles contaminated with HIV. Heroin addicts are susceptible to this form of infection.
From positive pregnant mothers to child during conceived in the womb, during birth and during lactation.
There are other minor cases infection such as blood transfusion, organ transplant and injuries due to needles.
5. We cannot be infected with HIV through:
Mosquito bites (or even monkeys or other animals)
Sharing public facilities such as swimming pools, public telephone or public toilets
Sleeping, eating, drinking and doing normal activities and even sports with HIV positive persons.
In fact, HIV is categorized as a virus that spread via the blood (blood-borne virus) and not the virus that spread by air (air-borne viruses). If the blood (and certain body fluids) with HIV do not enter into our bloodstream, the infection will not occur.
6. Body fluids with a high concentration of HIV are:
c. Pre-ejaculation fluids
d. Vaginal fluids
e. Breast milk
7. Can a person with HIV is distinguished from the physical appearance?
No. Only by taking an HIV Screening Test status person can be known.
8. Can HIV survive outside the human body?
HIV cannot survive long outside the human body and are destroyed when exposed to oxygen or sunlight.
9. Can HIV be transmitted through oral sex?
The risk of infection through oral sex is very low. It arises only when the semen or vaginal fluids of infected couples enter into the mouth which has wound / Fissures / ulcers / mucus membrane / Gum disease.
10. Can HIV infection be contracted through kissing (French kiss)?
HIV from the blood can enter the partner’s mouth if there are wound / Fissures / ulcers in the oral cavity, but so far no cases of infection reported.
11. Can HIV be contracted by donating blood?
The chances of infection is low because disposable and sterile equipment is used. Do not donate blood if you or your partner have been suspected of HIV or if you have had sex without a unfamiliar partner, without a condom.
12. Treatment for HIV/AIDS
Nowdays, people don't die because of HIV.
The HAART (Human Antio Retro Viral Treatment) Treatment enables those with HIV to lead normal lives, growing healthily until old age. Some people experience side effects when taking treatment long term and growing older with HIV can increase the chance of experiencing normal illnesses associated with later life.
The HAART treatment has to be taken at the right time, twice a day in 12 hour intervals. All the residents of Positive Living Community are on HAART Treatment. The Malaysian government offers free treatment for Malaysians Living With HIV/AIDS, as long as the patients have a stable home and lifestyle.